By Dr Manish Pandit
Shanti Parva (349.44)
Narayana says to Vyasa
“When the Tishya age will set in, certain princes of Bharata’s line, to be called by the name of Kauravas, will take their birth from thee. They will be celebrated over the Earth as high-souled princes and they will rule over great kingdoms “
The above verse from Shanti Parva is the basis of a few 5561BCE supporters saying that the age of Kaliyuga must start on a Pushya Nakshatra. While one can mull over this idea, I would like to point out that the idea of Kaliyuga starting on a Pushya Nakshatra (and it’s pretty obvious) is just an assumption and a huge mistaken one at that as the verse does NOT say “Pushyena Samprayatosmi Kaliyuga.” Nevertheless the idea is an interesting one and merits a little bit of dissection and discussion.
The chief questions to be asked are these: Q1: How many times does Moon transit Pushya Nakshatra in a year? Q2: How many Pushya Nakshatras occur in a century? How many Pushya Nakshatras occur in a millennium never mind a Yuga? Q3: Will such a word like Tishya Yuga ever mean Pushya Nakshatra or do we consider it in terms of something else?
Ans: There are at least 12 Pushya Nakshatras occurring in a year and therefore 1200 in a century and 1200 x 10 in a millennium. Hence this word Tishya meaning Pushya is unlikely. We normally start a calendar with a named year from the 60 Samvatsara cycle. That would be a true calendar reckoning for a start of an age. However, this name Tishya is not present in that present list, although it could have been in an older list (we will explore this possibility later). Could this name mean something else?
One of the Yuga cycles still used is a 12 year cycle at the Kumbha mela is called the Brihaspatamnya Yuga or Brhaspati Yugas of 12 years : Surya, Chandra, Tishya or Pushya, Brhaspati are aligned.
It’s interesting to note that there is a 60 year variant of this Brihaspati Yuga where Surya, Chandra, Pushya, Brihaspati plus Sani are considered! This then may be the source of this Yuga and we will explore when this could occur. However no other details are given here in this verse and so this may be not a Yuga definition at all (in the verse)
Let’s continue with our exploration of the Pushya Nakshatra identity which seems unlikely as we said above and more like a blunder to interpret it in this manner instead of Samvatsara terms.
The researcher having already blundered on the above mistaken assumption above… now goes further and makes the next assumption: that assumption is that the Kaliyuga starts in the 18 days of the war. (Already having mistakenly assumed that Pushya is the start of this Yuga cycle)
While this is quite likely wrong, let’s allow the assumption to pass for one moment. This is the statement made by supporters of the 5561BCE thesis:
Now, the two mistaken assumptions as above are taken into consideration by 5561BCE supporters (fine) BUT they IGNORE the other piece of evidence from the text:
ie: The verse which gives the Nakshatra of the last day of the war- which MUST BE SHRAVANA! (This last day is not a Pushya Nakshatra day by any stretch) Let’s show you the verse:
Therefore two separate observations can be made on the above:
A: If we assume that Kaliyuga must start in 18 days of the war and
B: that Kaliyuga must start on a Pushya Nakshatra then one thing is sure THAT it can never start on the last day as that last 18th war day is Shravana!
Let us see the distance in Nakshatras by reverse counting back from Shravana nakshatra and check on which day must Pushya Nakshatra occur in the 18 war day timeline:
Thus Backward counting the Nakshatras: Shravana- Uttashadha-Purvashadha-Moola-Jyestha-Anuradha-Vishakha-Swati- Chitra- Hasta- Uttaraphalguni-Purvaphalguni-Magha-Ashlesha and finally Pushya! This is 15 Nakshatras back, hence the Pushya Nakshatra can ONLY arrive at day 4 or 5 of the Mahabharata war and not earlier and not later. This is absolutely as it occurs in 3067BCE!
On the contrary, this Pushya Nakshatra arrives contrary to all evidence available to us on the last day of the war in the 5561/3163/1793BCE war theories which can easily be rejected/debunked on the basis of this extra criteria!
Now consider that Shalya Parva verse: 59/21 “Praptam Kaliyugam Viddhi” below which implies that Kaliyuga started in the 18 days of the war. Therefore if we allow for the possibility of Kaliyuga starting during the 18 days of the war and this verse saying “Kaliyuga has pierced”…. AND now we consider that Kaliyuga might have started on a Pushya Nakshatra, then the logical assumption is that Kaliyuga started on day 4/5 because under any circumstances, the Nakshatra of the last war day will never change and must remain Shravana nakshatra (Shalya Parva 33:5-6)
Conclusion: Hypothetically speaking if we accept that the Kaliyuga must arrive on a Pushya Nakshatra day and only within the 18 day war timeline (and these are big assumptions to make) then it must also fit with the last day of the war being a Shravana nakshatra. Thus the Pushya can only arrive 15 Nakshatras before in day 4 or maximum day 5 of the war timeline! This fits 3067BCE war theory and no other proving further that this is the only viable year of the war!
Thus it must start 15 Nakshatras away or so on 4thday of war!
Tri Pushya theory
However, this above is simply hypothetical in nature and only as a response to anybody claiming that Kaliyuga started on a Pushya Nakshatra… our belief is that Kaliyuga started in 3102BCE (traditional belief)…