By Dr Manish Pandit
As of Oct 2019, today, the first confirmed sighting of Halley’s Comet is supposedly 240BCE . We are pushing back this date by just less than 3000 years to 3067BCE. The period of the comet is 75.32 years.
Vyasa refers to a terrible comet which has invaded the territory of Pushya nakshatra during the Mahabharata war.
Dhumraaketur Mahaghora pushya makramya tisthati/ (VI.Bhisma Parva 3.12)
Earlier, Karna had referred to a copious fall of meteorites:
divascholka patantyet in (Udyoga Parva 141.9).
Dr Achar goes on to say in his paper:
“The sky diary (figure 20) from the software RedShift showed that there was indeed a copious fall of meteorites in October 3067 BCE, and that the parent body of the meteorites was the Halley’s comet. It would be tempting to identify the comet Vyasa refers to with the Halley’s comet.”
He goes on to say that “Figure 21 shows that the position of Halley’s comet was near Pushya just as Vyasa describes it. However, its brightness could not be confirmed as two software programs give vastly different estimates of brightness, although the positions are given correctly.”
My take on this incorporating critical thinking and logic and looking at this again in 2019:
1. There is an observation from the Mahabharata critical edition in Bhisma parva as regards a terrible comet which has encroached onto Pushya nakshatra.
We look for Halley’s comet in the Astronomy software based on NASA’s Palomar 2 survey images and we find that indeed Halley’s comet return was in 3067BCE. This is huge.
2. ON TOP of this, we find that Halley’s Comet was indeed close to Pushya nakshatra in 3067BCE
3. We find a shower of meteorites as Karna suggests.
This is a huge observation, the finding of a significant comet like Halley’s Comet in 3067BCE and that’s its position matches Vyasa’s observation in Bhisma Parva near Pushya…. this finding effectively proves that Vyasa was the first observer of Halley’s Comet in 3067 BCE. The hypothesis has indeed been objectively tested and found to be true.
My corollary is that 3067BCE is the only year in which the war can take place based on this significant finding.
What I am saying is that a huge (mahaghora) comet was seen near Pushya by Vyasa and when you check 3067BCE (which happens to be the year when Saturn is at Rohini and the Lunar eclipse at Kartika Purnima precedes the Solar eclipse at Jyestha) , that is not only the year when all the simulations by astronomy software show that Halley’s Comet returns to be seen near the earth…. it’s near Pushya exactly as described by Veda Vyasa.
I propose that we rename Halley’s Comet. A suitable name should be thought of. It should be incorporated in Indian textbooks.
Further if we calculate the period (75.32 years at present reckoning) of Halley’s Comet for 5561BCE, then it seems that the comet would not have been seen then, the Halley’s Comet would only be seen in 5546BCE.